Car accidents can cause many serious personal injuries and sometimes death. Drivers and passengers often suffer these injuries when slamming into part of the vehicle during the accident. The common injuries in car accidents include:
- Brain injury: A blow to the skull or an object piercing the skull can cause grievous brain damage; this is known as a traumatic brain injury (TBI). A TBI can be mild, such as a concussion, or severe, leading to serious cognitive and motor problems. Whiplash is another major cause of concussions in car accidents.
- Neck or back injury: Whiplash is the most common injury, where the neck is stretched and bent beyond its typical range of motion. The most common cause of whiplash in car accidents is rear end collisions. When one car is stopped and is hit from behind, the occupant(s) of that car get thrust forward. When this happens, the body leads and the head follows, usually in a snapping forward and backwards motion, causing an unmanageable amount of force and pressure on the neck, ultimately causing whiplash.
- Back injuries: Lower back injuries in car accidents are common. These injuries can range from minor sprains to herniated or bulging discs, and can take quite a while to fully heal.
- Chest injury: The massive impact of a crash can shatter ribs or the breast bone, especially if seatbelts were not worn.
- Abdominal or pelvis injury: Hip fractures and damage to abdominal organs are common in high speed car accidents.
- Leg and knee injury: Most leg and knee injuries suffered in auto accidents are crush or impact injuries due to the legs smashing into the dashboard. This is actually so common that there’s an injury known as “dashboard knee“.
- Foot injury: Ankles, feet and toes can be broken in many car accidents.
- Cuts and scrapes: Shattered automotive glass can cause severe lacerations, while airbags and other objects in the passenger compartment can leave scrapes and lacerations.
- Feet, toes and limbs may also be mutilated and require amputation; this is more common with motorcycle accidents.