Car accidents can cause many serious personal injuries and sometimes death. Drivers and passengers often suffer these injuries when slamming into part of the vehicle during the accident. The common injuries in car accidents include:
- Brain injury: A blow to the skull or an object piercing the skull can cause grievous brain damage; this is known as a traumatic brain injury (TBI). A TBI can be mild, such as a concussion, or severe, leading to serious cognitive and motor problems.
- Neck or back injury: Whiplash is the most common injury, where the neck is stretched and bent beyond its typical range of motion.
- Chest injury: The massive impact of a crash can shatter ribs or the breast bone, especially if seatbelts were not worn.
- Abdominal or pelvis injury: Hip fractures and damage to abdominal organs are common in high speed car accidents.
- Leg and knee injury: Most are crush or impact injuries due to the legs smashing into the dashboard.
- Foot injury: Ankles, feet and toes can be broken in many car accidents.
- Cuts and scrapes: Shattered automotive glass can cause severe lacerations, while airbags and other objects in the passenger compartment can leave scrapes and lacerations.
- Feet, toes and limbs may also be mutilated and require amputation; this is more common with motorcycle crashes.