As the sun sets, new challenges emerge for those who commute. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 49% of passenger vehicle occupant fatalities occur during nighttime, painting a stark picture of the dangers of commuting at night. Various factors contribute to this unnerving statistic. The most obvious factor: it’s darker outside. As opposed to daylight driving, any hazard that may appear during the night is significantly more difficult to spot. To boot, many drivers during this time of the day are driving home for the night and may be more tired as a result.
Beyond these risks, there are many challenges unique to nighttime commutes, ranging from physical health implications to psychological effects and the impact on our daily routines.
1. Limited Visibility
Limited visibility is one of the most significant challenges of commuting at night. Lack of natural light, night blindness (a condition that makes it difficult to see in low light), astigmatism, and inconsistent or insufficient street lighting can all contribute. Night blindness impairs your ability to see in low-light conditions, while astigmatism is a refractive error that causes distorted or blurry vision at any distance.
Limited visibility has implications beyond driving — it poses risks for pedestrians and cyclists who may not be easily seen, increasing accident risk. Moreover, cyclists and pedestrians may be more likely to avoid hazards themselves in the dark and swerve into oncoming traffic unexpectedly.
To combat these issues, some solutions may include:
- Improving street lighting;
- Wearing reflective clothing or using lights when walking or cycling;
- Using high-beam headlights when there is no oncoming traffic;
- Wearing glasses or contact lenses to correct vision issues.
Additionally, those with night blindness should consider public transportation for a safer commute.
Changes in shift hours, especially for non-traditional schedules, can disrupt sleep patterns. Many nighttime drivers often work abnormal hours or graveyard shifts. These unconventional working hours mean your internal clock might be at odds with your job’s demands and lead to increased tiredness and reduced alertness.
Likewise, daylight savings can also impact your circadian rhythm making it more challenging to stay alert. As the seasons change, your natural sleep-wake cycle is influenced by external cues, especially daylight. Exposure to light or darkness triggers the release of hormones, like melatonin, which affects your wakefulness. So as you drive home from your 9 to 5 or head out to your shift, you may feel sleepier or more groggy than usual.
Fatigue not only impacts safety but also punctuality, making it challenging for tired commuters to stick to their schedules. On top of that, fatigue can really cramp productivity, making it harder to concentrate and think clearly.
Here are a few potential solutions to consider:
- Ensure you get enough rest before your commute, especially while driving.
- Employers should consider offering flexible work schedules so employees can commute when they feel most alert.
- Pull over at a potential rest spot to sleep if you feel groggy.
Consider avoiding nighttime commutes altogether and finding alternative ways to get around.
3. Late Rush Hours
Late hours can be a real challenge for nighttime commuters. These are the times when traffic gets super congested after the usual rush hours. Late rush hours typically occur in cities with vibrant nightlife or where shift workers finish their work, causing a surge in traffic. This can result in longer travel times, stress, and accidents due to the high number of vehicles and pedestrians. It can also pose challenges for public transportation, which may have reduced schedules during these times.
To help, cities might consider congestion pricing — charging vehicles for entering specific parts of the city during busy hours — to decrease traffic. For those considering alternative modes of transportation like biking or walking, adjusting commute times, if possible, might help avoid the risk of late rush hours.
4. Impaired Individuals (DWI)
There’s a higher chance of coming across impaired individuals on roads or public transportation during the evening and nighttime. This could be due to alcohol or drug effects, fatigue, night blindness, or conditions like Alzheimer’s or dementia that can cause confusion after sundown. It can be challenging to spot and avoid impaired drivers.
Look out for signs like:
- Erratic driving behavior, such as swerving or inability to maintain a steady speed;
- Difficulty staying within the lines or ignoring traffic lights and signals;
- Late reactions to traffic changes like stopping too abruptly or not braking in time.
If you spot any of these behaviors from other drivers, avoiding them by changing lanes or altering your route is crucial. If possible, note their vehicle details and report them to local law enforcement.
Impaired driving can lead to serious accidents like T-bone car collisions and severe concussions. In the event of an accident, ensure everyone’s safety, call emergency services, and document the incident for insurance and legal purposes. Likewise, impaired pedestrians can pose hazards, especially if they unpredictably enter the roadway, leading to pedestrian accidents. Drivers should be particularly cautious in areas with high foot traffic.
While the roads may clear out and present a peaceful driving atmosphere, this can be dangerous as it may lull commuters into complacency. While not everyone experiences this, sometimes this false sense of security can lead you to be less vigilant than usual.
Complacency can also occur when taking public transportation, as quieter and emptier vehicles might make some feel more at ease and let their guard down. This can result in reduced awareness, hindering quick response to potential risks or disruptions.
To combat complacency during nighttime commutes, stay alert and avoid getting too comfortable. Keep an eye on other vehicles and pedestrians and any potential hazards like wildlife.
6. Nocturnal Animals
Dealing with nocturnal animals can be quite a challenge, particularly in rural or semi-rural areas. Animals like deer, raccoons, and opossums can suddenly dart onto roads, causing drivers to swerve or stop abruptly. Such incidents can lead to rear-end car accidents which are a leading risk factor for potential back injuries.
If an animal collision seems imminent, it’s generally safer to hit the animal rather than swerve, as the latter can result in more serious accidents. Following an accident, check for injuries, move to a safe location, and notify the relevant authorities.
7. Unmanned Work Areas
Nighttime work areas are often left unmanned for different reasons — safety concerns, poor visibility, and the need to minimize disruptions to peak-hour traffic. Challenges can arise when no personnel direct traffic around roadworks or construction sites, leading to confusion.
Moreover, these areas might not have enough lighting or security, which can be dangerous for everyone involved. Local authorities can make unstaffed work areas safer by improving the lighting and putting up clear signs. It would also be helpful to provide advanced roadwork notifications through traffic reports or navigation apps so that commuters can plan their routes more easily.
8. Limited Services
During night hours, many essential services operate with limited availability. For instance, tow services might run with skeleton crews. This can create challenges, especially during emergencies.
Commuters should be aware of essential service operating hours along their route. Keeping emergency supplies in the vehicle, like a spare tire, jumper cables, and extra fuel, can be helpful. Legal recourse may be available in case of serious accidents. Car accident lawsuits can help victims receive compensation for damages and injuries.
After an accident, prioritize everyone’s safety first and foremost. Then, notify the authorities, document what happened, and reach out to a lawyer to explore your legal options.