A head on collision is one of the most serious types of car accidents. Cars traveling in the opposite direction that hit head one can lead to devastating and sometimes fatal injuries. The severity of injuries in a head on collision depend upon the speed of the vehicles at the time of impact and the safety features of the vehicles.

The common injuries in a head on collision include:

Head Injuries

The violent crash of a head on collision can send the driver’s or passenger’s head into the windshield or steering wheel. This can cause a traumatic brain injury that can be minor or severe. You also could get a concussion. A mild concussion can lead to blurred vision, nausea, dizziness and headaches. A severe concussion can be very serious, causing coma, seizures or even death. It is vitally important to have a prompt medical evaluation after a head injury in a car accident.


In a head on or frontal impact collision, the head and neck of drivers and passengers will continue to go forward while the body will mostly stay in the same position, if a seatbelt is being worn. The jerking of the neck and head will continue as they get resistance which often occurs when the chin strikes the chest. This violent action will stretch and strain the muscles and ligaments at the back of the neck and at the base of the head and into the shoulders. Some of the common signs of whiplash are serious back, neck and shoulder pain; numbness; weakness, stiffness, dizziness and headaches. But these symptoms may not show up immediately, so it is important to get a medical evaluation right away after the head on collision.

Blunt Trauma

Even if you wear a seatbelt and the airbag works as intended, passengers in a front-end crash can still have serious blunt trauma injuries to various body parts. Some of the most common types of injuries include internal injuries to the abdomen and chest due to an airbag or seatbelt. Chest trauma can cause broken ribs, collapsed lung or shoulder joint damage. Blunt trauma to the abdomen can cause organ damage and internal bleeding.

Spinal Cord Injuries

Any car accident can cause spinal cord damage. This injury is more common in a head on crash. Some examples of injuries to the spine are cracked vertebra, herniated discs, or even damage to the spinal cord. Paralysis can occur due to a spinal cord injury as well as nerve damage that affects the arms, legs or both.

Some of the ways to stay safer in the case of a head on collision are:

  1. Do not speed. The higher the speed at impact, the bigger the chance that you will suffer a serious injury in a head on crash. While you cannot control the speed of the other driver, you can control the speed of your vehicle by not going over the posted speed limit.
  2. Wear your seatbelt. The chances of serious or fatal injury in any car accident are reduced by wearing your seatbelt. It is highly unlikely you will survive a head on collision at high speed without a seatbelt.
  3. Make sure your vehicle’s safety feature are working. It is especially important to be certain that the airbag will deploy in a frontal impact crash. Check with your dealership to ensure that your airbags are operating normally.
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